Sunday, October 27, 2019

Review: "Isabel" TV Series


Isabel Tv series was a three-season Spanish mini-series about Queen Isabel of Spain, who sponsored Columbus' voyages to the New World. It was broadcast from 2012 to 2014. The script and acting were great, but the episodes were too long for my liking (more than an hour each). The first episodes contain very sexually explicit scenes, almost pornographic, so you are warned! As for Columbus, he is incorrectly portrayed as a sneaky person who was cutting backroom deals with the king of Portugal after he discovered America. Because of that, and many, many other inaccuracies about Columbus, I'll give the show 3 out of 5 stars. 



#IsabelTvSeries

Review: "Ethnic America" by Thomas Sowell


This is a great book explaining the history and the cultures that came to live in America. This book gave me some insights as I was writing my second book, "Columbus Day vs Indigenous Peoples' Day."


#EtnicAmericaThomasSowell

Saturday, October 26, 2019

Review: "Silence" Movie


What does this movie have to do with Columbus? The answer is, a lot. Columbus was looking to evangelize Cipangu (Japan), but it wasn't until later when the Jesuits did. The Jesuits (or The Society of Jesus) were co-founded by Spanish Catholic priest, Ignacio de Loyola, who was born in 1491. However, this movie is hard to watch and might not be for everyone. The movie is about the many missionaries who died as martyrs while others, like Liam Neeson's character, denied the faith. The movie is R rated.

#SilenceTheMovie

Review: "Admiral of the Ocean Sea" by Samuel Eliot Morison



This book is NOT a full biography about Columbus. Rather, it is the insights of the author (Morison) as a sailor, who went with an expedition to recreate the voyages of Columbus. He tells the readers what Columbus got right or wrong, as a sailor, and how he was indeed the greatest sailor of his era. Sadly, Morison (incorrectly) linked Columbus with Indigenous genocide and modern-day revisionists gleefully repeat his statements, knowing that Morison contradictorily believed Columbus was a hero. I covered this subject in great depth in my book "Columbus Day vs Indigenous Peoples' Day" (chapter 26), if you are interested in learning more about it. In spite of it all, Morison's work is still one of the most important non-primary sources books on Columbus.

#AdmiralOfTheOceanSea

Friday, October 4, 2019

Bibliography


If you wonder where we get our information from, here are some of our references. The same book list was used for our Columbus book series (plus more).

Primary sources from or about Columbus: 


The Voyage of Christopher Columbus, Columbus’ Own Journal of Discovery. Newly Restored and Translated by John Cummins. St. Martin’s Press New York, 1992.


The Journal of Christopher Columbus (During his First Voyage 1492-1493) and Documents Relating to the Voyages of John Cabot and Gaspar Corte Real, Works Issued by The Hakluyt Society, London. No. LXXXVI.


Writings of Christopher Columbus, Descriptive of the Discovery and Occupation of the New World. Charles L. Webster & Co. New York, 1890.


Select Letters of Christopher Columbus, With Other Original Documents Related to His Four Voyages to the New World. Second Edition. Works Issued by The Hakluyt Society, London. M, DCCC.LXX.


The Book of Prophecies Edited by Christopher Columbus. Wipf & Stock Publishers, Eugene, Oregon, 1997.


Colección de los Viajes y Descubrimientos que Hicieron por Mar los Españoles Desde Fines del Siglo XV by Martín Fernández de Navarrette. Tomo I. Madrid, En La Imprenta Nacional. 1858.


Colección de los Viajes y Descubrimientos que Hicieron por Mar los Españoles Desde Fines del Siglo XV by Martín Fernández de Navarrette. Tomo II. Madrid, En La Imprenta Nacional. 1859. 


Journals and Other Documents on the Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus. Translated and Edited by Samuel Eliot Morison. Illustrated by Lima De Freitas.


The Life of the Admiral Christopher Columbus by his son Ferdinand. Translated and Annotated by Benjamin Keen. Rutgers University Press. New Brunswick, New Jersey 1992.


De Orbe Novo by Peter Martyr D'Anghera. Volume One. G. P. Putnam's Sons. New York and London. The Knickerbocker Press. 1912. 


De Orbe Novo by Peter Martyr D'Anghera. Volume Two. G. P. Putnam's Sons. New York and London. The Knickerbocker Press. 1912. 


Historia de los Reyes Católicos, Crónica inédita del siglo XV, por El Bachiller Andrés Bernáldez. Tomo I. Imprenta y librería de D. José Alaria Zamora, 1856.


Historia General y Natural de las Indias, Isla y Tierra-Firme del Mar Océano por El Capitán Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés. Primer Cronista del Nuevo Mundo. Imprenta de la Real Academia de la Historia, Madrid, 1851.


Historia General de las Indias by López de Gómara. Calpe, Madrid. 1922. 


Historia General de los Hechos de los Castellanos, en las Islas, y Tierra-Firme de el Mar Oceano. Escrita por Antonio de Herrera.

*Note- Most of these primary historical sources are available for free on Google Books.


Pre-Columbian primary sources:


Brendaniana, St. Brendan the Voyager in Story and Legend by the Rev. Denis O'Donoghue. Dublin: Browne & Nolan, LTD. 1895.


Groenlendinga Saga. The Saga of the Greenlanders.


The Saga of Eirik the Red. A Translation of a Work by Dr. Gudbrand Vigfusson. D. Marples & Co. Limited. Liverpool. 1880.

The Travels of Sir John Mandeville, The Version of the Cotton Manuscript in Modern Spelling, with Three Narratives, in Illustration of It, from Hakluyt's “Navigations, Voyages & Discoveries.” – Sir John Mandeville. Macmillan and Co., Limited. 1923. Book of Ser Marco Polo, the Venetian, Concerning the Kingdoms & Marvels of the East. Translated, and Edited, with Notes, by Colonel Sir Henry Yule. Charles Scribner’s Sons. 1903. 


Primary Sources About Other Explorers and the Spanish Conquest:


John Cabot, The Discoverer of North-America and Sebastian, His Son. A Chapter of the Maritime History of England Under the Tudors, 1496-1557 by Henry Harrisse. Benjamin Franklin Stevens. London. 1896.


The First Four Voyages of Amerigo Vespucci. London, Quaritch 15 Piccadilly, 1893.


Letters of Cortes. The Five Letters of Relation From Fernando Cortes to the Emperor Charles V by Hernán Cortés. In Two Volumes. Volume One. G. P. Putnam's Sons. New York and London. The Knickerbocker Press. 1908.


Historia Verdadera de la Conquista de la Nueva España by Bernal Díaz del Castillo. Epublibre.


First Voyage Round the World, by Magellan. Translated From the Accounts of Antonio Pigafetta and Other Contemporary Writers. The Hakluyt Society. London. M.DCCC.LXXIV. 


Fray Bartolomé de las Casas. Disputa ó Controversia con Ginés de Sepúlveda Contendiendo Acerca la Licitud de las Conquistas de las Indias. Revista de Derecho Internacional y Política Exterior. Madrid. MCMVIII. 


History of the Indies by Bartolome de las Casas. Translated and Edited by Andree M. Collard. Harper Torchbooks Harper & Row, Publishers, New York, Evanston, and London, 1971.


Historia de las Indias. Tomo I by Fray Bartolomé de las Casas. Imprenta de Miguel Ginesta. Madrid. 1875. 


Historia de las Indias. Tomo II by Fray Bartolomé de las Casas. Imprenta de Miguel Ginesta. Madrid. 1875. Historia de las Indias. Tomo III by Fray Bartolomé de las Casas. Imprenta de Miguel Ginesta. Madrid. 1875. 


Historia de las Indias. Tomo IV by Fray Bartolomé de las Casas. Imprenta de Miguel Ginesta. Madrid. 1876. 


Historia de las Indias. Tomo V by Fray Bartolomé de las Casas. Imprenta de Miguel Ginesta. Madrid. 1876. 


A Brief Account of the Destruction of the Indies by Bartolomé de las Casas. The Project Gutenberg. 2007. 


De las Antiguas Gentes del Perú by Bartolomé de las Casas. Madrid 1892.


Historia General de las Cosas de Nueva España por el Fray Bernardino de Sahagún. Tomo Primero. Imprenta del Ciudadano Alejandro Valdés. 1829. 


Historia General de las Cosas de Nueva España por el Fray Bernardino de Sahagún. Tomo Segundo. Imprenta del Ciudadano Alejandro Valdés. 1829. 


Historia General de las Cosas de Nueva España por el Fray Bernardino de Sahagún. Tomo Tercero. Imprenta del Ciudadano Alejandro Valdés. 1830. 


Historia General de las Cosas de Nueva España por el Fray Bernardino de Sahagún. Tomo IV. Editorial Pedro Robredo. México. 1938. 


History of the New World by Girolamo Benzoni, of Milan, Shewing His Travels in America from A.D. 1541 to 1556, with Some Particulars of the Island of Canary. Hakluyt Society. London. M.DCCC.LVII.


Historia Antigua de México y de su Conquista, Ilustrada con Disertaciones Sobre la Tierra, los Animales y los Habitantes de México by Francesco Saverio Clavigero. Tomo I. Jalapa. 1868. (This one is a secondary source from the 18th century).

Letter of Hernando de Soto and Memoir of Hernando Escalante Fontaneda. Translated from the Spanish by Buckingham Smith. Washington. 1854.


Non-primary Sources Works About Columbus:

A History of the Life and Voyages of Christopher Columbus in Four Volumes by Washington Irving. Published by A. and W. Galignani, 1828.


Informe Sobre Los Retratos de Cristóbal Colón by Valentín Carderera y Solano. Imprenta de la Real Academia de la Historia. 1851. 


Historia de Cristóbal Colon y de sus Viajes. Escrita en Francés Según Documentos Auténticos Sacados de España é Italia por Roselly de Lorgues. Tomo I. Cádiz. 1858. 


Christopher Columbus and the Participation of the Jews in the Spanish and Portuguese Discoveries by Meyer Kayserling.


Christopher Columbus: His Life, His Works, His Remains, As Revealed by Original Printed and Manuscript Records, Together with an Essay on Peter Martyr of Anghera and Bartolomé de Las Casas, the First Historians of America by John Boyd Thacher. Volume I. The Knickerbocker Press. 1903. 


Columbus: His Life, His Works, His Remains, As Revealed by Original Printed and Manuscript Records, Together with an Essay on Peter Martyr of Anghera and Bartolomé de Las Casas, the First Historians of America by John Boyd Thacher. Volume II. The Knickerbocker Press. 1903. 


Admiral of the Ocean Sea. A Life of Christopher Columbus by Samuel Eliot Morison. Little Brown and Company, Boston, Toronto, London, 1970.


The Grand Design by Paolo Emilio Taviani. Orbis Publishing Limited. 1985. 


Columbus and the Conquest of Jerusalem. How Religion Drove the Voyages That Led to America, by Carol Delaney. Free Press. 2012. 


Selected North American Primary Historical Sources:


Capt. John Smith Writings with Other Narratives of Roanoke, Jamestown, and the First English Settlement of America.


Travels and Works of Captain John Smith, Edited by Edward Arber. Published by Burt Franklin.


Mourt’s Relation Journal of the Plantation at Plymouth with an Introduction and Notes by Henry Martyn Dexter. Boston. John Kimball Wiggin.


Bradford’s History of the Plimoth Plantation. From the Original Manuscript. 1901.


Bradford’s History of the Plymouth Settlement. Rendered into Modern English by Harold Paget.


Other Works:


Bartholomew de Las Casas, His Life, Apostolate, and Writings by Francis Augustus MacNutt. Cleveland, U.S.A. The Arthur H. Clark Company, 1909.


Spanish Black Legend: Origins of Anti-Hispanic Stereotypes by Joseph Sanchez. A Black Knight Publication of the Spanish Colonial Research Center. 1990.


The Drama of American History Series by Christopher Collier.


Conquests And Cultures: An International History by Thomas Sowell.


Ethnic America: A History by Thomas Sowell.

The Enemies of Christopher Columbus by Thomas A. Bowden. Answers to Critical Questions About the Spread of Western Civilization. Revised Edition. The Paper Tiger, Inc. NY. 2007.


The Legacy of Christopher Columbus in the Americas. New Nations and a Transatlantic Discourse of Empire by Elise Bartosik-Vélez. Vanderbilt University Press. 2014.


Anti-Columbus books:


A People's History of the United States by Howard Zinn. (Only the chapter about Columbus).


Lies My Teacher Told Me by James Loewen. (Only the chapters about Columbus and the Pilgrims).


Columbus: His Enterprise: Exploding the Myth by Hans Koning.


Columbus: The Four Voyages by Laurence Bergreen. (*Note- Bergreen is NOT the revisionist Zinn, Loewen and Koning are, but he has his share of cheap shots and innuendos against Columbus that I don’t agree with or appreciate).

#ColumbusPrimarySources